Permanent employment is the main rule for employment in the Norwegian working life. But there are alternative affiliations. Fafo has studied exceptions from this main rule in a number of projects. These projects concern fixed term jobs, temporary agency work and zero-hours contracts.

Fafo monitors the development related to forms of employment contracts and how these change over time. What is the extent of the use of fixed term contracts? What characterizes the growth in the temporary work agency sector and how does this growth relate to major changes in the Norwegian working life in recent years? Why do employers use alternatives to permanent employment and what are the consequences for the employees in question? We are also looking at how legislation and regulation though collective agreements may affect the various types of contracts and affiliations.

Forms of employment



Senior Researcher
Research Director Deputy director
Research professor
Research Director
Research Coordinator
Researcher (on leave)
Researcher on leave
Jørgen Svalund, Beate Sletvold Øistad og Kristin Alsos
Fafo-rapport 2019:38
Fafo-rapport 2019:20
Rolf K. Andersen, Mona Bråten og Sigurd M. Nordli Oppegaard
Fafo-rapport 2019:25
Kristine Nergaard og Elin Svarstad
Fafo-notat 2019:05
Ann Cecilie Bergene, Kristine Nergaard og Jørgen Svalund
Fafo-rapport 2018:47
Elin Svarstad og Sissel C. Trygstad
Fafo-rapport 2018:32
Rolf K. Andersen og Mona Bråten
Fafo-rapport 2018:19
Jørgen Svalund og Johannes Oldervoll
Fafo-rapport 2018:11
Kristin Alsos, Johannes Oldervoll og Beate Sletvold Øistad
Fafo-rapport 2017:26
Fafo-notat 2017:12
Rolf K. Andersen, Mona Bråten, Bård Jordfald og Kristine Nergaard
Fafo-notat 2017:06
Kristine Nergaard
Fafo-notat 2017:07
Rolf K. Andersen og Bård Jordfald
Fafo-rapport 2016:39
Kristin Jesnes og Johannes Oldervoll
Kristin Alsos, Mona Bråten og Sissel C. Trygstad
Fafo-rapport 2016:15
Fafo-rapport 2016:07
Mona Bråten og Jørgen Svalund
Fafo-notat 2015:11
Fafo-rapport 2015:25
Kristine Nergaard, Kristin Alsos, Mona Bråten og Ragnhild Steen Jensen
Fafo-rapport 2015:10
Sol Skinnarland og Magnus Mühlbradt
Fafo-rapport 2014:19
Kristin Alsos, Øyvind M. Berge og Anne Mette Ødegård
Fafo-rapport 2012:06
Rolf K. Andersen, Kristine Nergaard og Anne Mette Ødegård
Fafo-notat 2012:12
Kristine Nergaard, Torstein Nesheim, Kristin Alsos, Øyvind M. Berge, Sissel C. Trygstad og Anne Mette Ødegård
Fafo-rapport 2011:33
Rolf K. Andersen og Bård Jordfald
Fafo-rapport 2010:25
Fafo-notat 2010:08
Kristin Alsos. Med vedlegg av Stein Evju
Fafo-notat 2009:01
Kristine Nergaard og Jørgen Svalund
Fafo-notat 2008:25
Kristin Alsos, Stein Evju og Anne Mette Ødegård
Fafo-notat 2008:05
Fafo-notat 2006:19
Heidi Nicolaisen og Håvard Lismoen
Fafo-rapport 459
Kristine Nergaard
Fafo-rapport 430
Kristine Nergaard og Heidi Nicolaisen
Fafo-notat 2002:17
Lene Gezelius
Fafo-rapport 318
Kristine Nergaard og Torgeir Aarvaag Stokke
Fafo-rapport 198
Fafo-rapport 113
Dag Stokland
Fafo-rapport 091
Siv Aksnes og Håkon Gundersen
Fafo-rapport 015

Beate Sletvold Øistad, Jørgen Svalund, Jon Erik Dølvik og Kristin Jesnes

Liberalisering av reglene for midlertidige ansettelser: Hvorfor har virkningene uteblitt?

Hanne C. Kavli, Heidi Nicolaisen & Ragnhild Steen Jensen

European Journal of Industrial Relations
Nordic Journal of Migration Research

Vulkan, Patrik Saloniemi, Antti Svalund, Jørgen Väisänen, Anna

Job Insecurity and Mental Well-Being in Finland, Norway, and Sweden
Nordic Jounral of Working Life Studies

Svalund, J., G. B. Casinowsky, Dølvik, J. E. Håkansson, K,Jarvensivu, A., Kervinen, H., Møberg, R. J., Piirainen, T.

Stress testing the Nordic models: Manufacturing labour adjustments during crisis
European Journal of Industrial Relations
Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research

Jon Erik Dølvik and Johan Røed Steen

The Nordic future of work
Drivers, institutions, and politics

Tomas Berglund, Roy Nielsen, Olof Reichenberg, Jørgen Svalund

Temporary contracts, employment trajectories and dualisation: a comparison of Norway and Sweden

Jørgen Svalund, Anna Peixoto og Kristin Jesnes

Employers’ use of fixed-term contracts across industries in Norway and Sweden
Does regulation matter?

Engelstad, F., J. Svalund, I. M. Hagen og A. E. Storvik

Makt og demokrati i arbeidslivet