The Eastern enlargements of EU in 2004 kick started a new phase in the Norwegian working life. In recent years, we have experienced an unparalleled labour and service mobility to Norway. Whereas in 2004 less than 7000 Eastern Europeans was residing in Norway, this number had increased to almost 160 000 in 2014. In the same period, labour migration from western EU countries was also doubled. In addition, a large number of posted workers and service providers stay for shorter term periods.
Labour migration has had both positive and negative consequences for the Norwegian working life. Norwegian enterprises have gained increased access to labour; however, this development has also led to problems concerning low wage competition, social dumping and labour market crime. Since 2004, Fafo has conducted a series of studies related to labour and service mobility, and the development within the common European labor market. Key topics of our research projects are changes and developments with regard to:
• Labour migration streams
• Regulatory regimes and minimum wage setting mechanisms - in Norway, the Nordic countries and the EU
• Employers’ labour and recruitment strategies
• Trade unions’ responses
• Informal and illegal activities• Working and living conditions among labour migrants and posted workers
• Measures against social dumping and labour market crime
• Work environment and health and safety implications
• Labour market and social conditions in the sending countries
Jensen, R. S., Bråten, M. & Skollerud, K. H.Cross-Border Cargo Transport to and From Norway: Who Undertakes It, and at What Cost?
Grete Brochmann and Jon Erik DølvikThe Welfare State and International Migration: The European Challenge
Jon Horgen Friberg & Arnfinn H. MidtbøenThe making of immigrant niches in an affluent welfare state
Hedda Haakestad & Jon Horgen FribergDeskilling revisited: Labour migration, neo-Taylorism and the degradation of craft work in the Norwegian construction industry
Jon H. Friberg & Arnfinn H. MidtbøenEthnicity as skill: immigrant employment hierarchies in Norwegian low-wage labour markets
Jon Erik DølvikIntroduction: Transnational Labour Mobility
J H. Friberg, J. Arnholtz, L. Eldring, N.W. Hansen & F. ThorarinsNordic labour market institutions and new migrant workers
Jon Erik Dølvik, Line Eldring and Jelle VisserSetting Wage Floors in Open Markets
Jon Erik Dølvik and Anne Mette ØdegårdThe Struggle over the Services Directive: The role of the European Parliament and the ETUC
Anne Mette Ødegård, Øyvind Berge og Kristin AlsosA case study of temporary work agencies in the Norwegian construction sector – a growing informal market beyond regulation?
Jane Hardy, Line Eldring, Thorsten SchultenTrade union responses to migrant workers from the 'new Europe'
Line Eldring, Ian Fitzgerald & Jens ArnholtzPost accession migration inconstruction and trade union responses in Denmark, Norway and the UK.
L. Eldring & J.A. HansenFagbevegelsen og arbeidsinnvandring: Strategier og resultater i Norge og Danmark
Jon Erik Dølvik and Jelle VisserFree movement, Equal Treatment and Worker Rights
Kristin Alsos & Anne Mette ØdegårdImproving data collection about posting and information provision on conditions applicable for posted workers
Jon Erik Dølvik og Line EldringLabour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries
Jon Horgen Friberg, Jon Erik Dølvik og Line EldringArbeidsmigrasjon fra Øst- og Sentral-Europa.Temanotat
Nana Wesley Hansen, Åsmund Arup Seip og Line EldringRekruttering av kompetansearbeidskraft fra tredjeland til Norden: Reguleringer, strategier og realiteter.
Øyvind Berge, Anne Britt Djuve og Kristian Rose TronstadRekruttering af udenlandsk arbejdskraft: Indvandreres arbejdsmiljø og tilknytning til arbejdsmarkedet i Norge
Jon Erik Dølvik og Line EldringArbeidsmobilitet fra de nye EU-landene til Norden – utviklingstrekk og konsekvenser.
Anette Brunovskis, Anne Britt Djuve og Hilde HaualandFacing a Baltic invation?