This brief looks at how the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are integrated into Chinese long-term development strategies to attain a “moderately prosperous society” and further China’s achievements and challenges in implementing Agenda 2030. The brief focuses on SDGs related to social policy within the fields of health, pensions, education and poverty alleviation and emphasizes aspects and ambitions of inclusion, innovation and increased quality. SDGs such as reducing poverty, reducing inequality and raising living standards are important contributions to social and economic development. President Xi Jinping and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) have put the people’s wellbeing as the fundamental goal. Human and social development is no longer seen as the result of economic development; rather, it is the very foundation of continuous, quality growth.