The politics of written language in the Arab world

Tewodros Aragie Kebede (pictured) and Kristian Takvam Kindt has contributed with a chapter in a book about the politics of written languages in the Arab world. Focusing on Egypt and Morocco, the authors combine large-scale survey data on language attitudes with in-depth analyses of actual language usage and explicit (and implicit) language ideology.

04. September 2017

In this article, Erika Braanen Sterri explores attitudes about the acceptability of homosexuality among immigrant-origin adolescents in Norway. Despite substantial differences between native- and immigrant origin youth and between different groups according to regional origin and religious affiliation, there are clear indications of higher tolerance towards homosexuality across all groups. Immigrant-origin youth in Norway consider themselves more tolerant than their parents and are more tolerant compared to adolescents residing in their countries of origin. Family length of residence also correlates positively with the level of acceptance of homosexuality.

From 13 to 14 of December in Niamey, a closing conference for Fafo and the Strømme Foundation's randomized controlled trial of a fast-school project in Niger is being held. The organizer is the University of Niamey. From the Norwegian side there will be video presentations from Anne Kielland, Andreas Kotsadam from Frisch, and Anne Breivik from the Strømme foundation. The project was supported under the Research Council's grant “Vision 2030”.

Researchers have developed alternatives for dietary supplements for moderately malnourished children in Ethiopia, based on local ingredients rather than conventional dietary supplements. This has proven to be a good alternative, according to a randomized controlled trial conducted by Anne Hatløy and her fellow researchers, summarized in a new scientific paper.

Since the Taliban recently took power in Afghanistan, international attention has been brought to professional women and female athletes who have been evacuated because they are in need for protection. Fafos Ingunn Bjørkhaug has together with Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (UiO / PRIO), Adele Garnier (Université Laval, Canada) and Astrid Espegren (NORCE) written a post in Global Policy where they discuss the recent events in Afghanistan. The selection of women for resettlement has traditionally happened through the lens of vulnerability, but the evacuation of the Afghans marks a rupture with the traditional selection criteria of vulnerable women-at-risk. In this post the authors discuss whether the evacuation of the educated refugee woman is the start of a new emerging resettlement category of vulnerable women. It further discusses what potential long-term impact this might have for resettlement and refugee protection.

GROWNUT was a North-South-South partnership between universities in Norway, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and South Africa, aiming to build capacity in public health research in low-income countries. Anne Hatløy has written an article (open access) which serve to evaluate the project.

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To what extent have welfare attitudes changed as a new Chinese social security system has emerged? Drawing on nationally representative datasets from the China Inequality and Distributive Justice Survey Project for 2004, 2009 and 2014, a new study by Kristin Dalen finds that support for government provision of welfare has increased substantially within all population groups since 2004. Furthermore, traditional social cleavages, such as the urban–rural divide, seem to lose strength as a predictor of redistributive preference, possibly "deactivating" these social cleavages as vehicles of political mobilisation.

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As part of an ongoing series, Fafo has co-authored a study on the pandemic’s impacts on Jordanian enterprises one year after the first lockdown was introduced. The report finds negative impacts on enterprises of all sizes, and across all sectors. However, it has been particularly harmful to micro and small businesses.

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One year ago, massive explosions destroyed most of the Port of Beirut and flattened surrounding neighbourhoods. Fafo has co-authored a report on how the disaster has affected nearby enterprises. The resulting closures and lay-offs further worsened the pessimistic outlook caused by Lebanon’s deep political and economic crisis and the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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