Knowledge about labour, education, welfare and migration nationally and internationally

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has one of the highest prevalence of stunting (malnutrition expressed as low height for age) globally. This article finds that the local conditions for vegetation, which is an important food source, has an important protective effect against stunting in children under five years of age.

This article provides new perspectives on the relationship between state and citizen and the role of trade unions in African petro-states. Nigerian trade unions have been crucial in recurring protests against the dismantling of petrol subsidies, and Camilla Houeland suggests that the protests are arenas for the exercise of and demands for deeper citizenship related to civil, economic and political rights. In this, the trade unions act as a mediator between the state and citizens, and thereby confirm their relevance.

A new scientific article, based on data from the Oslo region, finds that attitudes towards Muslims among students with a majority background are more positive in schools where the proportion of Muslims is higher. This finding indicates that increased contact across religious divides may contribute to more positive attitudes.

In 2022, a record number of people have fled the war in Ukraine and received temporary protection in other European countries. In this publication, Ida Kjeøy and Guri Tyldum describe how Ukrainian refugees in Poland and Norway think about migration and the option to return to Ukraine.

Focusing on collective bargaining coverage and the varieties of labour market regulation in the Nordic countries, this paper about ways to strengthen the Nordic working life models is written by Jon Erik Dølvik to serve as the basis for discussion on a Nordic labour minister meeting in Oslo, November 2022. Building on an earlier seminar with Nordic scholars, the project was initiated by the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Inclusion, with support from the Nordic Council of Ministers.

The resettlement scheme is a method to find a durable solution for refugees. However, this is only available to a limited number of the refugees. The selection of these refugees is based on a set of vulnerability criteria. What is emphasized in this selection process – and is the system fair?

The scientific journal Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research publishes articles about various welfare policy themes. The scientific journal is published by Universitetsforlaget AS (Scandinavian University Press) and the norwegian Fafo Research Foundation on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre. A new edition is out now and is edited by Fafos Terje Olsen.

A new article examines the relationship between union density and wage inequality within Norwegian establishments observed in the period 2000–2018. The main finding is that increases in the union density result in lower wage inequality within workplaces, both in the short and long term.