09. February 2017
This report, written by Fafo-researchers Kristin Jesnes and Jon Erik Dølvikm presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews actors approach the sharing economy and its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition.
SMART is an EU project aimed at making trade and the market more sustainable and responsible. This week, through a string of events, members of the project will present their suggestions for what EU and its businesses can do to reach these goals. On the event focused on products January 24th, Fafo researcher Taylor will offer his advice when it comes to “Resistance to regulation in global value chains / product lifecycles”. Anyone can register to participate in the events.
In Ethiopia, malnutrition is widespread amongst children and a supplementary feeding program is only provided to chronically food-insecure areas. A paper co-authored by Anne Hatløy outline the exploration of whether using local ingredients-based supplement (such as pumpkin seed, peanut, amaranth grain, flaxseed, and emmer wheat) is at least as good an alternative as the currently used corn-soya blends in treating moderate acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months. Further studies will examine how mothers view a change to supplements based on local ingredients.
This report discusses a number of key topics, such as which forms labour trafficking can take and how it can be distinguished from other terms and concepts that are commonly used to describe exploitation in the work sphere. Furthermore, we look into practical experiences, opportunities and challenges related to anti-trafficking efforts in three main areas: detecting and identifying human trafficking, assistance to victims and investigation/prosecution.
Terje Olsen is co-editor for the book “Disability Hate Speech”. This is the first book to solely and explicitly focus on hate speech against disabled people. It seeks to explain the phenomena, its importance, what laws govern it and how it differs from other forms of hate speech.
This report focuses on the circumstances of non-citizen ex-Gaza Palestinian refugees living inside refugee camps in Jordan. Combining statistical and qualitative data, it demonstrates that ex-Gazans in Jerash camp are significantly poorer and that their pattern and type of employment differs from ex-Gazans and citizen refugees elsewhere. The report explores the work and livelihood practices of ex-Gazans in Jerash camp in order to better understand how their non-citizen status and location in Jerash camp intersect to exacerbate their poor socio-economic conditions.
The theme for this breakfast was how Brexit may influence labour market regulation and employment relations in Europe, including Norway. Lecture by professor Paul Marginson, University of Warwick: «Opening a hole in Europe's regulatory floor? Brexit and employment relations». Comments by Jon Erik Dølvik, Fafo, and panel conversation with Peggy Hessen Følsvik, Deputy Leader, Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and Nina Melsom, Working Life Director, The Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO).
Senior Researcher Mark Taylor has published an article in Sustainability, analysing resistance to regulation in the value chains of complex products. At a time of increasing pressure to develop sustainable systems of production and consumption (SDG 16), the article asks whether the existing legal frameworks are up to the task of regulating for sustainability in consumer products. Drawing on research into mobile phone production conducted under the SMART project, the article describes how precarious work and toxic impacts on people and the planet are made possible by production systems that resist regulation.
Fafo has published a country report on the vocational system in Norway, as part of the European Union's Erasmus + project «TRACK-VET». The report outlines how the planned new curriculum can put more emphasis on "key transverse competencies", such as democratic and social skills, critical thinking, digital competence and "learning how to learn." The report is based on literature studies and statistical data, a series of interviews with representatives of the educational authorities, trade unions and other key organisations as well as politicians and teachers.
That people who flee war and persecution should have the right to protection is generally agreed upon. It is more contested what this protection should entail and who should be responsible for shouldering the burdens associated with this protection. In this seminar we addressed some of the dilemmas that emerge when governments try to collaborate in securing refugee populations’ rights.
The seminar was held in English and can be re-watched on Fafo-tv. (Unfortunately we had some problems with the sound recording.)
Hanne C. Kavli will act as new research director at Fafo untill 1. september 2020. Kavli earned her degree in political science at the University of Oslo. Kavli has had the position as a senior researcher at Fafo.
The annual national conference against radicalization and violent extremism is this time held in Stavanger. The conference will examine several topics related to, amongst other, right-wing extremism and prevention. As part of the program, Fafo researcher Nerina Weiss, together with Erik Lindbæk Kruse, will speak about "discourses and effects of radicalization prevention in Scandinavia."
The children of immigrants are often met with the attitude that their choice of education has been dictated by social control. On the contrary, these sons and daughters are intent on making their own choices, says researcher Marianne Takvam Kindt to Kifinfo in this article.
Three Fafo researchers are editors of a new textbook which gathers articles from leading international researchers on the topic of part-time work. A main focus is the relationship between "good and bad" part-time, both in a national and international perspective. Part-time as also linked to the ongoing debate on dualisation in the labour market and the capacity of political policy to influence practice, in the workplace and in families.
Anette Brunovskis' PhD, accepted on the 15th of October, is named "Illuminating and blinding. The searchlight effect of human trafficking policies on anti-trafficking practice".
In the book «Posted Work in the European Union – The Political Economy of Free Movement» Fafo researchers Kristin Alsos and Anne Mette Ødegård have written a chapter on the so-called "Shipyard Affair". This yearlong conflict served as an important test case for regulations concerning posted workers in Norway. The book consists of contributions from researchers from several European countries.
In a new Fafo brief Åge A. Tiltnes and Guri Tyldum summarize the situation for Syrian refugees in the neighboring country of Jordan. In spite of a clear improvement in the recent years in the fields of employment and schooling for the youngest, jobs are often badly paid and uncertain and a large proportion drop out of school and education.
Construction of roads, railway, bridges and tunnels in in a growing degree being contracted to non-Norwegian entrepreneurs. How will this effect the working conditions in this business sector – and will Norwegian entrepreneurs manage to survive in this new competitive setting?
Fafo Østforum held the seminar 8th of October – a video recording is available.
The Nordic project “Future of work” maps how shifts in technology, economics, demographics and employment forms will affect the Nordic labour markets in the near future. The researchers will publish a series of papers and briefs towards the final report in 2020. Today they released five working papers on “key concepts and changing labour relations” in each specific country.
Fafo Researcher Mark Taylor is co-editor of a special issue of the journal Competition and Change which explores the challenges to protecting labour and human rights in global value chains. The special issue includes contributions on worker power and the rise of larger emerging-market multinationals, as well as the role of contracts, worker-led monitoring and litigation against companies as part of the governance of sustainability in supply chains.
The Nordic model is considered as well suited for tackling digitalization and automation. Nevertheless, researchers estimate dramatic implications for the development and composition of the labour market. These estimates are, however, usually predicted from the specific situation in the United States. In a project collaboration with leading researchers from MIT, the University of Michigan and the University of Gothenburg, Fafo will study how digitization will affect employment and labour markets in Norway, Sweden and the United States. How do labour market actors and institutions influence and shape the digitalization and its outcomes in the various countries – and vice versa?
In this project, the serving establisment industry (bars, cafés, restaurants) is being mapped to see what kind of changes have occurred since the last survey in 2014. This will provide knowledge of employment and characteristics of employee, wage and working conditions, as well as HSE and knowledge of bad actors in the industry. The project is on behalf of the Norwegian Labour Inspectorate, which also have asked for an assessment of whether initiated measures have had any effects.
Digital labour platforms represent new ways of organising labour and novel opportunities. The Nordic region is recognised for being at the forefront of technology, but digital platforms are currently used to a limited extent. Nordic Innovation and the five national Federations of Professional Associations have commissioned Economics Norway, the Research foundation Fafo and a supporting panel of Nordic experts to study opportunities and barriers for Nordic countries to take advantage of benefits created by the platform economy. The analysis has a specific focus on the platform economy in the knowledge-intensive labour market.
To date the Nordic countries have not had a public debate on living wages. This does not mean that the concept of a living wage is alien to them. In this article Kristin Alsos, Kristine Nergaard and Andreas Van Den Heuvel (LO) examine whether wage-setting mechanisms in the Nordic countries promote and secure a living wage for all employees, and how trade unions have approached the concept of a living wage.