This project addresses how Muslim political thought in Europe is affected by societal structures, and, conversely, how the development of societal structures in Europe is affected by Muslim politics and activism.
We pursue this goal by undertaking a historically oriented, multidisciplinary and comparative case study of three countries: France, England and Norway. In each of the countries we will study the development in two fields. On the one hand: Muslim political thinking on the elite level, concerning how religious elites envision the integration of Islam and Muslims into secular democracies. On the other: the development of national models for governance of Islam and Muslims. Additionally, we will study how European Muslim women experience their room for political participation today, at the crossroads of both culture and structure.
Our goal is to understand the interaction between the two fields: How is Muslim political thought and activism affected by different modes of national governance? Are the regimes for governance of Islam in these countries influenced by Muslim political action or Muslim initiatives in the civil sphere?
Conflicts and dilemmas
Finally, the project will also address the normative and ethical issues at stake. How do different kinds of rights and normative considerations come into conflict with each other in the different models for governing Islam? How does Islamic political thought relate to broader conceptions of justice or fairness? Answers will be sought through legal analysis as well as discussions of ethical and human rights dilemmas, focusing particularly on dilemmas constituted by conflicts between various human rights, and also informed by consequential ethical approaches.
Affiliated researcher, faculty of theology, University of Oslo, and coordinator of WP2
Associate Professor of Political Science, Boston College
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Center on the US and Europe, Brookings Institution www.jonathanlaurence.net
Assistant professor in political science, University of Amsterdam
Researcher, University of Amsterdam
Ingvill Thorson Plesner
Researcher, Norwegian centre for human rights, University of Oslo, and coordinator of WP3
Professor, faculty of theology, University of Oslo
The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council and is led by the research institute Fafo in Oslo.