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Camilla Houeland


Camilla Houeland is part of Fafo's labour relations group. She is an Associate Professor II at the Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University if Oslo.

Camilla holds a PhD in development studies, with a dissertation on Nigerian trade unions in the political economy of oil (2017). Before she joined Fafo, she held a postdoctoral position at University of Oslo, studying how Norwegian and Nigerian oil workers accessed their own roles in a green transition.


PhD, Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).

Area of work

Trade unions, oil and energy, climate change, green transition, social movements, political mobilisation and participation, Norway, Nigeria.

Current projects

Making the green shift work for regions (GSW)
The research project GSW aims to develop a new understanding of how regional labour markets are adapting to the grand challenge of green shift. We will go beyond national and industry forecasts by recognising that responding to this challenge will be region specific processes of adaptation and change.
Phasing in and phasing out: reworking labour in energy transitions in the North Sea (PHASE)

To reach the internationally agreed upon climate targets, we must move away from fossil energy dependencies. This will bring profound changes to our economic, social and political systems, not least in relation labour markets. The project (PHASE) is about the impacts of the green transition on working life and the conditions for economic democratic participation in the new energy systems and beyond. 

SUNREM – sustainable remote nordic labour markets
SUNREM explores opportunities and challenges for sustainable labour market participation in remote areas of the Nordic Region in context of global megatrends.
Mechanisms in social dialogue: co-determination and leadership at the local level
A strong and active cooperation between managers and employee representatives at enterprise level is an important characteristic of the Norwegian working life model. The model can be roughly divided into two types of functions for multipartite cooperation: distribution of earnings and cooperation for the development of the enterprise. It can also be divided into two levels: macro level (national level and micro (enterprise level). The levels and tasks are interrelated, but this project is mostly concerned with collaboration at the enterprise level.

Other publications

Completed projects

Social dialogue for development and reduced inequalities
In this project we look at the connections between social dialogue and development and cohesion. How can social dialogue help reduce inequality? What conditions must be in place for dialogue and negotiations within industrial relations to have such significance?
A just, green transition? Skills in the petroleum industry and needs in green industries

How can the petroleum workers' skills contribute to and be used in a green transition? What actions are needed for a just, green transition?

OGT Oil and gas transitions

OGT aims to generate evidence and co-produced pathways for policy action to accelerate oil and gas transitions in the UK, Denmark and Norway.