Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa

Extensive fieldwork is a core component of our research in the Sahel and in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our researchers combine qualitative and quantitative methods to produce high-quality research of direct policy relevance to both Norwegian and international stakeholders.

 Fafo's current research in Africa focuses on:

  • mobility and displacement
  • war and peacekeeping economies
  • local and global developments in education
  • health and child labour
  • social movements and inequality
  • politics of faith and secularism in the Sahel

Fafo receives funding for our Africa projects from a range of institutions, including the Norwegian Research Council, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the World Bank, the US Institute of Peace, and the Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD).

Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa


Research Professor
Jing Liu, Ingunn Bjørkhaug, Hedda Flatø and Anne Kielland
Children with disabilities during Covid-19. Tabulation report
Survey Data from rural Niger in 2019 and 2022
Fafopaper 2022:11
Anne Kielland, Anne Hatløy, Tone Sommerfelt, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Kathleen M. Jennings
Hidden in the numbers: Barriers to girls’ education in West Africa
A scoping study concerning knowledge about trends and sub-variations
Fafo-report 2017:39
Tone Sommerfelt, Anne Hatløy et Kristin Jesnes
Rapport Fafo 2015:20
Tone Sommerfelt, Anne Hatløy and Kristin Jesnes
Fafo-report 2015:19
Rapport Fafo 2015:14
Massa Coulibaly and Anne Hatløy
Fafo-report 2015:13
Rapport Fafo 2015:06
Anne Hatløy, Massa Coulibaly and Jing Liu
Fafo-report 2015:04
Ingunn Bjørkhaug and Morten Bøås
Fafo-report 2014:39
Anne Hatløy, Tewodros Kebede, Huafeng Zhang, Ingunn Bjørkhaug
Perceptions of Good Jobs. Analytical Report. Port Loko and Freetown, Sierra Leone
Background paper for the World Development Report 2013
Fafo-report 2012:18
Anne Hatløy, Tewodros Aragie Kebede, Patrick Joel Adeba and Core Elvis
Marina Manuela de Paoli, Arne Backer Grønningsæter, Elizabeth Mills
Fafo-report 2010:28
Amsale K. Temesgen
Climate Change to Conflict?
Lessons from Southern Ethiopia and Northern Kenya
Fafo-report 2010:09
Henriette Lunde
Night commuting in Gulu, Northern Uganda
From Spontaneous Strategy to New Social Institution
Fafo-report 549
May-Len Skilbrei, Marianne Tveit og Anette Brunovskis
Afrikanske drømmer på europeiske gater
Nigerianske kvinner i prostitusjon i Norge
Fafo-rapport 525
Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy
After the ‘Storm’
Economic activities among returning youths. The case of Voinjama. Research Program on Trafficking and Child Labour
Fafo-report 523
Morten Bøås and Anne Huser
Child labour and cocoa production in West Africa
The case of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. Research Program on Trafficking and Child Labour
Fafo-report 522
Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy
Living in a material world
Children and youth in alluvial diamond mining in Kono District, Sierra Leone. Research Program on Trafficking and Child Labour
Fafo-report 515
Anne Hatløy og Anne Huser
Identification of street children
Characteristics of street children in Bamako and Accra
Fafo-report 474
Kari Hauge Riisøen, Anne Hatløy, Lise Bjerkan
Travel to Uncertainty
A study of child relocation in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Mali
Fafo-report 440
Pete Lewis with Anne-Grete Larsen and Arne Groenningsaeter and Moses Galeboe and Spambaniso Taneka
Crossing borders to fight HIV/AIDS
The Role Of South African Multinationals In The Private Sector Response In Botswana
Fafo-report 431
Line Eldring
Fafo-paper 2003:16
Sabata Nakanyane
Co-operative Housing in Johannesburg
A Survey among the Residents
Fafo-paper 2002:04
Liv Tørres (ed.), David Drury, Line Eldring, Pete Lewis and Jocelyn Vass
Fafo-report 360
Marie W. Arneberg and Jon Pedersen
Fafo-report 355
Liv Tørres (ed.)
The Smoking Business
Tobacco tenants in Malawi
Fafo-report 339
Liv Tørres (ed.)
"We are emerging; emerging slowly and painfully!"
Infrastructure Delivery in South Africa
Fafo-report 336
Liv Tørres
Amandla. Ngawethu?
The Trade Union Movement in South Africa and Political Change. Doctoral Dissertation
Fafo-report 328
Line Eldring, Sabata Nakanyane and Malehoko Tshoaedi
Child Labour in the Tobacco Growing Sector in Africa
Report prepared for the IUF/ITGA/BAT Conference on the Elimination of Child Labour, Nairobi 8-9th October 2000
Fafo-paper 2000:21
Anne Hatløy
Methodological aspects of assessing nutrition security
Examples from Mali. Doctoral dissertation
Fafo-report 323
Bjørne Grimsrud and Liv Jorunn Stokke
Fafo-report 233
Liv Tørres
South African Workers Speak
Common Security Forum Studies
Fafo-report 182
Inger-Lise Eilertsen og Carl-Erik Schulz
Økonomiske sanksjoner mot Sør-Afrika
Virkninger av ensidig norsk boikott
Fafo-rapport 061

Camilla Houeland

Labour Resistance Against Fossil Fuel Subsidies Reform: Neoliberal Discourses and African Realities
The Palgrave Handbook of Environmental Labour Studies | 2021 | Read the book chapter

Mapatano Mala Ali, Christiane Horwood & Anne Hatløy

Building a new master’s and PhD programme in nutritional epidemiology in Kinshasa
How to face obstacles beyond the control of the project | 2019 | Åpen tilgang / Open access

Camilla Houeland

Between the street and Aso Rock: the role of Nigerian trade unions in popular protests
Journal of Contemporary African Studies | 2018 | Link to article

Kismul H, Hatløy, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J and Molland KM (2015).

The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo
International Journal for Equity in Health | 2015

Bekele Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede, Menale Kassie and Monica Fisher

Market imperfections, access to information and technology adoption in Uganda: challenges of overcoming multiple constraints
Agricultural Economics | 2015 | Les mer / Read more

Kathleen M. Jennings

The political economy of DDR in Liberia: a gendered critique
Conflict, Security and Development | 2009 | External link

Anne Kielland

Barnearbeidsmigrasjoner i ulike landskap
En sammenstilling av barns arbeidsvandringer i Vest-Agder (1830-1910) og Vest Afrika (1980-2009) | 2009 | Link

Bekele A. Shiferaw, Tewodros Aragie Kebede and Liang You

Technology adoption under seed access constraints and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania
Agricultural Economics | 2008 | Les mer / Read more

Bøås M and Hatløy A

Alcohol and drugs in post-war Sierra Leone
Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies | 2008

Morten Bøås and Anne Hatløy

‘Getting in, getting out’: militia membership and prospects for re-integration in post-war Liberia
Journal of Modern African Studies | 2008 | External link

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

‘Failed States’ and ‘State Failure’: Threats or Opportunities?
Globalizations | 2007 | External link

Kathleen M. Jennings

The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-Combatants in Liberia
International Peacekeeping | 2007 | External link

Pedersen, Jon & Tone Sommerfelt

Studying children in armed conflict: Data production, social indicators and analysis
Social Indicators Research | 2007

Hallund J, Hatløy A, Benesi I and Thilsted SH

Snacks are important for fat and vitamin intakes among rural African women: a cross-sectional study from Malawi
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | 2007

Guy Blaise Nkamleu and Anne Kielland

Modeling farmers' decisions on child labor and schooling in the cocoa - sector
A multinomial logit analysis in Cote d'Ivoire
Journal of Agricultural Economics | 2006 | Link

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatløy A and Oshaug A

Nutrition adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: association and determinants
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | 2004

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Parr C, Hatløy A, Ouatara F, Oshaug A

Validation of food variety as an indicator of diet quality assessed with a food frequency questionnaire for Western Mali
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | 2003

Torheim LE, Barikmo I, Hatløy A, Ouattara F, Diarra M and Oshaug A

Validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Western Mali | 2001

Hatløy A, Hallund J, Diarra MM and Oshaug A

Food variety scores, socio-economic status and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Koutiala (Mali)
Public Health Nutrition | 2000

Hatløy A, Torheim LE and Oshaug A

Food variety – a good indicator of nutritional adequacy? A case study from an urban area in Mali, West Africa
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | 1998

Nordeide MB, Hatløy A, Følling M, Lie E and Oshaug A

Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | 1996

Victor Adetula

En global utfordring
Dagens Næringsliv | 2017

Victor Adetula

The crisis around Lake Chad
Africa is a Country | 2017

Tone Sommerfelt

Det som skjer i Afrika nå har stor symbolverdi
Dagbladet | 2017

Tone Sommerfelt

Yahya Jammeh's tribalism
Africa is a Country | 2016

Tone Sommerfelt, Anne Hatløy and Kristin Jesnes

Wahhabiyya paranoia in Bamako and the new intolerance of the tolerant
The Broker | 2015 | The Broker Online

Tone Sommerfelt & Kristin Jesnes

State control of religious activity in southern Mali following the 2012 crisis
Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre | 2015

Bjørkhaug I, Bøås M, Hatløy A and Jennings K

Returning to Uncertainty? Addressing Vulnerabilities in Northern Uganda | 2007

Atallah A, Bøås M, El Dada H, Hatløy A, Zhang H

Northern Uganda IDP Profiling. Volume 2: Tabulation report | 2005

Mossige A, Hatløy A, Luyinduladio N, Makengo AM, Mboso SK, Mpiana B and Nyonka N

Etude Pilote de Risques et de la Vulnérabilité en République Démocratique du Congo | 2004

Anne Kielland and Ibrahima Sanogo

Burkina Faso: Child labor migration from rural areas
Ampleur et facteurs determinants | 2002

Anne Kielland and Roger Ouensavi

Child labor migration in Benin
Magnitude and Determinants | 2001

Kathleen M. Jennings

United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) | 2015 Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations | External link

Kathleen M. Jennings

United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) | 2015 Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations | External link

Anne Kielland

The Exploitation Equation: Distinguishing child trafficking from other types of child mobility in West Africa
in Human Trafficking: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Mary C. Burke | 2013 | Link

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

Rebellion and warlordism: the spectre of neopatrimonialism | 2012 Neopatrimonialism in Africa and Beyond

Morten Bøås and Kathleen M. Jennings

War in the Great Lakes Region and Ugandan Conflict Zones: Micro-regionalisms and Meta-narratives | 2008 Afro-Regions: The Dynamics of Cross-border Micro-regionalisms in Africa

Kathleen M. Jennings

Securitizing the Economy of Reintegration in Liberia | 2008 Whose Peace? Critical Perspectives on the Political Economy of Peacebuilding

Anne Kielland and Maurizia Tovo

Children at Work
Child labor practices in Africa | 2006 | Link