Collective agreements and legal regulations
Wages and working conditions may be regulated by statutory law and collective agreements and employment contracts. Collective agreements are agreements between a trade union and an employer organisation or an individual employer. In a Norwegian context, such agreements usually consist of two parts: A basic agreement that governs the relationship between organisations and predominant rules, and a national agreement regulating wages and working conditions for a certain industry or a sector.
A collective agreement is applicable within a limited part of the labour market, such as within an industry, a profession or a sector. Agreements are valid only within companies where they have been applied. However, many companies who are not bound by a collective agreement practice parts of collective agreements on a voluntary basis. The collective agreements can also be made generally applicable, and thus be given effect for companies other than those who are bound by them.
The Work Environment Act and the collective agreements play together in different ways. Firstly, legislation may have regulations that can be waived by a collective agreement. Secondly, collective agreements may provide superior rights for employees than the law stipulates. Finally, collective agreements regulate topics that are not regulated by the Work Environment Act, such as payment for unsociable working hours.
The relationship between the Working Environment Act and collective agreements, the scope and development of collective agreements, and industrial disputes and conflict resolution, constitute key research areas at Fafo.
Inger Marie Hagen & Ragnhild Steen JensenTrade union representatives from ethnic minorities. Representation revisited
Jon Erik Dølvik & Paul MarginsonCross-sectoral coordination and regulation of wage determination in northern Europe
Torsten Müller, Jon Erik Dølvik, Christian Ibsen, Thorsten SchultenThe manufacturing sector: Still an anchor for pattern bargaining within and across countries?
Jens Arnholtz, Guglielmo Meardi, Johannes OldervollCollective wage bargaining under strain in northern European construction
Dølvik, J. E., Marginson, P., Alsos, K., Arnholtz, J., Meardi, G., Müller, T. & Trygstad, S.Collective wage regulation in northern Europe under strain
Kristine Nergaard, E. Barth & H. Dale-OlsenOrganisasjonsgraden på arbeidstakersiden – hvordan påvirkes denne av endringene i arbeidslivet?
Kristine Nergaard, Erling Barth og Harald Dale-OlsenLavere organisasjonsgrad, et spørsmål om nykommere?
Jon Erik Dølvik, Line Eldring and Jelle VisserSetting Wage Floors in Open Markets
Svalund, J., G. B. Casinowsky, Dølvik, J. E. Håkansson, K,Jarvensivu, A., Kervinen, H., Møberg, R. J., Piirainen, T.Stress testing the Nordic models: Manufacturing labour adjustments during crisis
Svalund, J. and H. KervinenTrade union power during labour adjustments – comparison of company-level cases
Line Eldring & Thorsten SchultenMigrant workers and wage-setting institutions: Experiences from Germany, Norway, Switzerland and the UK
Mona Bråten og Jon Erik DølvikNorge: Nasjonal krise og internasjonal vekst - utfordringer for fagorganisasjonene
J. Arrowsmith, Heidi Nicolaisen, B. Bechter and R. NonellThe Management of Variable Pay in Banking: Forms and Rationales in Four European Countries
Elin SvarstadLønn og lønnsforskjeller blant siviløkonomer og sivilingeniører i privat sektor
Kristine NergaardTrade Unions in Norway
Åsmund Arup Seip, Kristin Alsos & Pål NygaardI arbeidsfredens tjeneste. Arbeidsretten gjennom 100 år