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The future of work

See Norwegian version for more information on the project.


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About the project

Major changes in technology, economic contexts, workforces, and the institutions of work have come in ebb and flow since well before the first industrial revolution in the 18th century. Yet, many argue that the changes we are currently facing are different, and that the rise of digitalized production will entirely transform our ways and views of work.

In this collaborative project funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, researchers from the five Nordic countries will study how the ongoing transformations of production and labour markets associated with, amongst other, digitalization, demographic change, and new forms of employment will influence the future of work in the Nordic countries.

Through action and policy oriented studies and dialogue with stakeholders, the objective is to enhance research-based knowledge dissemination, experience exchange, and mutual learning across the Nordic boundaries.

Intermediary results from the project will feed into Nordic debates on how to contribute to the Future of Work Agenda that is to be adopted at the ILO’s centenary anniversary in 2019.

The project is conducted by a team of more than 30 Nordic scholars from universities and research institutes in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. The project started late 2017 and will be completed by a synthesis report in 2020.

Project leaders: Jon Erik DølvikKristin AlsosKristin Jesnes, Fafo

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The project consists of seven "pillars" (see navigation menu).


Final reports



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The Nordic labor ministers and representatives from trade unions and employer organisations met to discuss the conclusions of the project's final report on June 2. Arbeidslivetinorden.org wrote a summary of the presentation and debate (in Swedish)

The project's finalizing report is published: Kristin Alsos og Jon Erik Dølvik (ed.): The future of work in the Nordic countries: Opportunities and challenges for the Nordic working life models, May 2021

Interview with Jon Erik Dølvik at Norden.org (in Swedish): Forskare varnar för en delad arbetsmarknad: ”Den nordiska modellen behöver förstärkas”, 7 May 2021

Project publication, final report pillar 5: Christensen, Bakke Finne, Kristiansen: The future of the Nordic psychosocial work environment:: Implications for occupational health, February 2021

Project publication, pilar II: Digital Transformations of Traditional Work in the Nordic Countries, December 2020

Interview in Norwegian Aftenposten and E24: Jon Erik Dølvik about digitalisation (pay wall), November 2020

STOR SLUTTKONFERANSE: Mange av prosjektets konklusjoner ble presentert og debattert på en egen online-konferanse, 26. november 2020.

Danish Ministry of Employment hosted a conference on Nordic Future of Work in Copenhagen 26 November 2020 under the auspices of the Danish chairmanship of the Nordic Council of Ministers. At the conference, the Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research presented the final conclusions from the Nordic research project. Watch a recording of the conference on Youtube.

At the conference, the FAFO Institute for Labour and Social Research will present the final conclusions from the Nordic research projec

Mange av prosjektets konklusjoner ble presentert og debattert på en egen online-konferanse, 26. november 2020.

Project publication, pilar VI: The future of Nordic labour law: Facing the challenges of changing labour relations, October 2020

Norden.org explain the themes of the report «Platform work in the Nordic models: Issues, cases and responses» as well as the covid-19 releated questions which will be explored in detain in a Fafo seminar June 23rd, June 3 2020

Fafo researcher Sigurd M. Nordli Oppegaard has co-written a chronicle (in Norwegian about «the dual crisis faced by gig-workers» in Manifest tidsskrift, 15 May 2020

Kristin Alsos about expected "mega trends" hitting our labour markets at the government's seminar series «Fremtidens arbeidsliv», 23. oktober 2019

Kristin Jesnes interviewed for Podcast  NRK Radio Krig og fred, 17 October 2019

Kristin Jesnes interviewed in Transportarbetaren.se, 3 October 2019

Forskere får 6 millioner til kortlægning af digitalt platformsarbejde, Faos 3 October 2019

Kristin Jesnes interviewed in NRK Nyheter, 27 September 2019

Kristin Jesnes interviewed in NRK nyhetsettermiddag, 27 September 2019

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Project period

  • Start:
    January 2017
  • End:
    April 2021

Commissioned by

  • Nordic Council of Ministers