Inclusion of immigrants

A total number of 31 145 persons applied for asylum in Norway in 2015, representing a huge increase from the 11 000 who applied for asylum in 2014. This development follows a decade that has witnessed the largest growth of immigrants in modern times. As of January 1, 2015, the number of immigrants living in Norway totaled 669 378. People seeking employment opportunities comprised the largest group driving the growth of immigrants during the decade but immigration for the purpose of family reunion was also an important factor. Refugee immigration has us until recently remained more stable. Asylum seekrs who obtain refugee status have a low return rate and several refugee groups grow over time. Refugees and family reunion immigrants experience – not surprisingly - more difficulties gaining access to employment.
Research on efforts to integrate refugees  has been in focus at Fafo since the mid- 1990s. We have followed the introduction scheme from its inception as a trial project over into its implementation as official policy. In addition, we have carried out evaluations of the policy.
Our research interests are centered on the feasibility and effectivity of different plans, as well as client participation and client experiences. We have also examined the ethical implications of the use of obligatory schemes of qualification and economic sanctions regarding a group that has few alternative sources of sustenance.
We have also completed a number of projects connected to NAV’s (Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration) role in integration efforts, both as partner in the introduction project and as an independent actor for whom immigrants are a steadily more important client group. In the present situation, knowledge about how to easen the influx of refugees into the labour market is more important than ever.

Inclusion of immigrants



Head of Research
Doctoral Researcher
Research Professor
Researcher (On Leave)
Doctoral Researcher
Doctoral Researcher
Ragna Lillevik, Nerina Weiss, Hanne Kavli, Gitte Haugnæss og Morten Stenstadvold
Fafo-notat 2020:03
Mathilde Bjørnset og Marianne Takvam Kindt
Fafo-rapport 2019:31
Anne Hege Strand og Marianne Takvam Kindt
Fafo-notat 2019:24
Anne Britt Djuve, Hanne Cecilie Kavli, Oddbjørn Raaum, Simen Markussen, Øystein M. Hernæs og Maria Laura Di Tommaso
Fafo-rapport 2019:29
Fafo-notat 2018:25
Ragnhild Steen Jensen og Anne Hege Strand
Fafo-notat 2018:23
Silje Sønsterudbråten og Mathilde Bjørnset
Fafo-rapport 2018:23
Ragna Lillevik og Silje Sønsterudbråten
Fafo-rapport 2018:03
Anne Britt Djuve, Hanne Cecilie Kavli, Erika Braanen Sterri og Beret Bråten
Fafo-rapport 2017:31
Ragna Lillevik, Silje Sønsterudbråten og Guri Tyldum
Fafo-rapport 2017:22
Beret Bråten, Josefine Jahreie og Ragna Lillevik
Fafo-rapport 2017:14
Nerina Weiss, Anne Britt Djuve, Wendy Hamelink og Huafeng Zhang
Fafo-rapport 2017:07
Beret Bråten og Silje Sønsterudbråten
Fafo-rapport 2017:02
Jon Horgen Friberg
Fafo-rapport 2016:43
Beret Bråten og Kristian Takvam Kindt
Fafo-rapport 2016:11
Erika Braanen Sterri
Fafo-notat 2016:06
Fafo-notat 2016:02
Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne C. Kavli
Fafo-rapport 2015:26
Anne Britt Djuve, Hedda Haakestad og Erika Braanen Sterri
Fafo-rapport 2014:34
Anne Britt Djuve og Anne Skevik Grødem (red.)
Fafo-rapport 2014:27
Lene Bore, Anne Britt Djuve og Kristian Rose Tronstad
Fafo-rapport 2013:11
Jon Horgen Friberg, Olav Elgvin og Anne Britt Djuve
Fafo-rapport 2013:31
Anne Skevik Grødem og Tove Mogstad Aspøy
Fafo-rapport 2013:26
Miriam Latif Sandbæk og Anne Britt Djuve
Fafo-rapport 2012:27
Anne Britt Djuve og Kristian Rose Tronstad
Fafo-rapport 2011:07
Anne Britt Djuve, Hanne C. Kavli og Anniken Hagelund
Fafo-rapport 2011:02
Fafo-notat 2011:25
Fafo-notat 2011:03
Marjan Nadim og Marianne Tveit
Fafo-rapport 2009:19
Anniken Hagelund, Hanne C. Kavli og Kaja Reegård
Fafo-rapport 2009:18
Hanne Kavli, Anniken Hagelund, og Magne Bråthen
Fafo-rapport 2007:34
Anne Britt Djuve
Fafo-rapport 2007:26
Fafo-rapport 517
Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Kavli
Fafo-rapport 491
Hanne Cecilie Kavli
Fafo-notat 2004:24
Fafo-rapport 414
Fafo-notat 2003:23
Tove Midtsundstad, Anne Britt Djuve og Jon Anders Drøpping
Fafo-notat 2003:13
Jon Anders Drøpping og Hanne Cecilie Kavli
Fafo-rapport 387
Fafo-notat 2002:11
Fafo-rapport 369
Anne Britt Djuve, Hanne Cecilie Kavli, Monica Lund og Tina Østberg
Fafo-rapport 364
Hanne Cecilie Kavli
Fafo-rapport 349
Hanne Cecilie Kavli og Elin Svensen
Fafo-notat 2001:08
Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Kavli
Fafo-rapport 345
Katrine Fangen og Anne Britt Djuve
Fafo-notat 2000:12
Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Pettersen
Fafo-notat 1998:05
Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Pettersen
Fafo-rapport 234
Fafo-notat 1997:07
Anne Britt Djuve og Kåre Hagen
Fafo-rapport 184

Jon Horgen Friberg

Does selective acculturation work?
Cultural orientations, educational aspirations and school effort among children of immigrants in Norway

Anniken Hagelund and Hanne Cecilie Kavli


Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund, Kristian Heggebø and Jon Rogstad

Additive or Multiplicative Disadvantage?
The Scarring Effects of Unemployment for Ethnic Minorities
European Sociological Review
Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning

Anne Britt Djuve, Anniken Hagelund og Hanne Kavli

Innvandrede kvinner i kvalifisering
Arbeidslinja når helsa skranter, utdanningen er lav og barna mange
Journal of European Social Policy

Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Kavli

Integreringspolitikk i endring

Anne Britt Djuve og Hanne Cecilie Kavli

Velferdsstatens skreddere